Early Career Researchers
“Predicting and Mitigating Sulfide Accumulation in Aquaculture Impacted Coastal Sediments”
PI: Dr. Christopher Algar, Dalhousie University
The goal of the project is to investigate methods for understanding, monitoring and managing the accumulation of free sulphide in sediments under aquaculture fish pens in Waycobah First Nation First Farm in the Bras d’Or Lake.
“The Influence of Climate-Driven Prey Shortage on Endangered Whales and their Coexistence with Ocean-Going Industries”
PI: Dr. Kimberley Davies, University of New Brunswick
The 2017 North Atlantic Right Whale Consortium mortality crisis initiated unprecedented industry restrictions in Canada. Fisheries and shipping industries, which contribute the top threats to the NARW, Southern Resident killer whale and beluga whale must increasingly demonstrate that they are environmental stewards to protect their market access. To help species and industries thrive together, this project will develop informed, science-based strategies, and engage Canadian citizens, government, and industry members directly in our research.
“URIAS: Understanding and Predicting the Effects of Increased Shipping on Arctic Seabirds & Seals”
PI: Dr. Kyle Elliott, McGill University
Dr. Eliott’s project aims at determining key seabird (thick-billed murres, Uria lomvia) hotspots at-sea in the Arctic to emphasize critical habitats, using a dynamic ice map to predict future seabird hotspots and their overlap with shipping (“Risk Map”). To achieve his goal, Dr. Eliott uses an individual-based energetics modelling framework on existing datasets which will be supplemented by additional data collected during the project.
“FISH DIP: Dam Impacts on Pelagic Fish Ecology in a Subarctic Estuary (Lake Melville, Labrador)”
PI: Dr. Maxime Geoffroy, Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador
Dr. Geoffroy’s project aims to understand how the operation of the Muskrat Falls dam will affect fish ecology in the Lake Melville estuary. By answering this question, his research will help to: understand the impacts of this large-scale hydroelectric project on coastal communities in the region and better predict the effects of future dam developments on fish in northern Canada. It will also provide baseline information for science-based management of fisheries in Lake Melville.
“Air Quality Co-Benefits of Decarbonizing Maritime Shipping for Coastal Communities”
PI: Dr. Amanda Giang, University of British Columbia
The International Maritime Organization (the global body responsible for regulating shipping) announced targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from maritime transport. To what extent will achieving these goals also reduce emissions of harmful air pollutants and benefit the health of coastal and port communities in Canada? To answer this question, this project will develop an integrated modelling framework that links policy scenario analysis, emissions modelling, air quality modelling and health impact analysis. Investigators will apply this framework to assess potential health impacts for coastal and port regions of Canadian and global concern, including locations in the Arctic and British Columbia.
“Shipping Accident Oil Spill Consequences and Response Effectiveness in Arctic Marine Environments (iSCREAM)”
PI: Dr. Floris Goerlandt, Dalhousie University
The objectives of this research project are to better understand oil outflow a damaged vessel due to grounding and collision hull contacts in Arctic conditions and to better understand the effectiveness of available options to respond to oil spills in Arctic marine environment. Dr. Gerlandt’s team will develop new model-based tools to support oil spill preparedness and response risk management.
“Horizontal Capacity-Mapping to Support Capability-Based Planning and Capacity-Building for Community-Based Maritime and Coastal Search and Rescue and Emergency Response in the Kitikmeot Region of Nunavut”
PI: Dr. Peter Kikkert, St. Francis Xavier University
This research project aims to engage with the wide array of organizations and individuals involved in search and rescue (SAR) and emergency response in the Kitikmeot communities of Cambridge Bay, Kugluktuk, Gjoa Haven and Taloyoak to map their capacity and capabilities to provide these services at the local and regional level. The goal is to help improve local effectiveness and efficiency of SAR and emergency response practices in Arctic communities, and—most importantly— will contribute to community resilience, improve response times, and save lives.
“Vulnerability of Small-Island Freshwater Resources to Climate Change”
PI: Dr. Barret Kurylyk, Dalhousie University
Using field sites in Lennox Island, PEI and Sable Island, Nova Scotia, this project studies the potential for sea-level rise and episodic storm surges that cause saltwater to migrate into coastal aquifers and the potentially devastating impacts to human populations and ecosystems relying on fresh groundwater.
“Hydro-and Sediments Dynamics in the Skeena Estuary”
PI: Dr. Eva Kwoll, University of Victoria
The last decade has seen the rapid development of British Columbia’s north coast and the advent of socio-economic challenges and risks resulting from increased pressures on the area’s communities and natural systems. One of BC’s largest economic drivers, the Port of Prince Rupert sits on the outskirts of the Skeena River estuary, an economically viable salmon habitat that has sustained commercial and Indigenous fisheries for decades to centuries. In light of controversies concerning development proposals, it has become clear how little is known about the physical processes governing the Skeena Estuary. This research sets out to: (1) examine the spatio-temporal variability in hydro- and sediment dynamics of the Skeena Estuary through observation and (2) test the vulnerability of its salmon-supporting shallow-water ecosystems on estuarine shoals to climatic-induced or anthropogenic changes via modelling.
“Monitoring Juvenile American Lobster (Homarus Americanus) to Forecast Productivity in the Growing Newfoundland Lobster Fishery”
PI: Dr. Arnault LeBris, Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador
This research effort proposes to develop comprehensive fishery-independent monitoring of the density, distribution, and growth of juvenile lobster and associated oceanographic conditions in Newfoundland waters. This monitoring program will enable robust projections of recruitment in the lobster fishery five to 10 years in advance, a time scale particularly relevant to fishery stakeholders.
“Co-Developing Innovative Approaches with Indigenous Partners to Foster Coastal Resilience, Food Security and Sustainable Marine Harvests while Enhancing Community Capacity to Proactively Respond to Marine Risks”
PI: Dr. Mélanie Lemire, Université Laval
Country food has significant, dietary/nutritional, health, cultural, and economic benefits to the Inuit in the Canadian Arctic. The availability of country food is important for their food security. Climate change is the most significant health equity challenges of the century and is already impacting access to country foods and contributing hazards and risks on ice. While the potential impacts of climate change on northern food security has been highlighted for several years, limited research has sought to explicitly link environmental change with nutrition implications for Inuit. Working with the community of Qikiqtarjuaq, this project aims to co-construct innovative methodologies and adaptation strategies to address the impact of climate change on food security in the Canadian North.
“Predicting the Future of Seagrass Meadows Along the Eastern Coast of Canada: an Innovative Functional Approach in the Context of Global Change”
PI: Dr. Fanny Noisette, Université du Québec à Rimouski
This project focuses on seagrass communities and is using experimental validation linking changes in functional traits with variations in community processes (e.g. oxygen production, carbon fixation) to parametrize a model that will predict the future variations in meadow functioning. Dr. Noisette’s project bridges descriptive field studies in seagrass community ecology with predictive tools to advance knowledge and technology which will support decisionmakers in elaborating policies to protect Canada’s environment.
“Drivers, Predictability and Fisheries Impacts of Ocean Temperature Extremes”
PI: Dr. Eric Oliver, Dalhousie University
This research project will examine the variability, drivers and processes governing ocean temperature extremes and their impacts on global fisheries. This information will aid in understanding which regions, looking both globally and in Canadian waters, may have hope in predicting high-impact ocean temperature extremes.
“Holyrood Sub-Arctic Coastal Observatory”
PI: Dr. Katleen Robert, Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador
This project aims to characterize the temporal and spatial environmental variables responsible for spatio-temporal patterns of large fish and invertebrate species using a seafloor cabled-observatory time-lapse camera as well as video surveys of the surrounding area. Ultimately, the spatio-temporal observations of the project will help to understand the mechanisms driving species responses to environmental change and the research program will enable researchers to assess ecosystem resilience and predict how current trends may affect Canadian sub-Arctic communities.
“Globally Transforming the Ocean Biogeochemical Domain Using Lab-on-Ship Technology”
PI: Dr. Vincent Sieben, Dalhousie University
The goal of the project is to develop lab-on-a-chip (LOC) marine sensors that are miniaturized, low-power and cost-effective. These LOC will be able to be deployed on a diverse range of platforms and will allow the acquisition of ocean biogeochemical observations in Atlantic Canada coastal waters.
“Predicting Physical & Biochemical Properties on the BC Central Coast”
PI: Dr. Stephanie Waterman, University of British Columbia
Determining the coastal ocean response to large-scale, open ocean drivers is required to identify the dominant mechanisms that influence near-shore physical and biogeochemical patterns. This project will determine responses to open ocean forcing in Queen Charlotte Sound (QCS) and adjacent near-shore waterways in order to develop a predictive capacity for short-range forecasting of physical-biogeochemical parameters. Predictive capabilities in QCS are underdeveloped, and yet the region is extremely productive, important for commercial fisheries, a crucial conservation zone, and a site of increasing human activity and economic development.
“A Physical Oceanographic Prediction Framework for Cambridge Bay, Nunavut”
PI: Dr. Qi Zhou, University of Calgary
This project aims to develop a high-resolution three-dimensional model for oceanic flows in the Dease Strait /Cambridge Bay region. The ultimate goal is to have a high-resolution oceanic flow model that can predict the movement of materials (e.g. nutrients) that could affect biological productivity and to formulate more effective response strategies (e.g. search and rescue) to a shipping accident.